Bird Flu: What Are The Real Chances Of A Pandemic

Bird Flu: What Are The Real Chances Of A Pandemic

Avian influenza, or chook flu as it is more commonly known, was discovered over a century ago in Italy and to date, there are a number of strains of the chicken flu virus. Many of these strains have grow to be deadly, particularly the H5 and H7 strains. The deadliest one thus far, the H5N1 strain, has reportedly killed 70 people in Asia alone in the final years. Many scientists imagine that if correct action isn't taken, hen flu has the potential to be the fourth main pandemic in the world.

Influenza has affected the lives of so many people, significantly within the 20th century. The Spanish Flu of 1918, Asian Flu of 1957 and Hong Kong Flu of 1968 killed at least 20 million people worldwide.

Fowl flu can spread quickly because the bird flu virus is typically found in the intestines of migrant birds that journey great distances. Chook flu spreads when different birds, chickens or geese are available contact with an contaminated fowl's saliva, nasal secretions or feces. Birds fall sick and die within 48 hours of contracting the virus. People who work together with infected birds without proper protective gear are also at risk.

There are 4 reasons that scientists believe that fowl flu might grow to be a pandemic.

1. Many countries, specifically third world nations, shouldn't have the correct facilities in place to maintain the bird flu problem. With out these amenities, there's a high chance of the chicken flu virus spreading.

2. No vaccine has been totally developed and tested to combat chicken flu virus. Utilizing amantadine and rimantadine, two drugs that are used to deal with influenza, on these contaminated with the virus has not been successful. Though research is underway, there's nonetheless no recognized treatment for fowl flu in humans. Ought to a pandemic happen, it would take at the least four months to produce vaccines that may be distributed to folks affected by the disease.

3. The avian influenza virus affects birds and pigs. Nevertheless, because the virus has completely different strains and they simply mutate, scientists fear the virus may evolve into something worse and have an effect on people directly. The virus might develop into airborne and be transmitted from one human to another.

4. People who work in farms and are in the poultry and livestock trade many not have the right equipment and adequate protection in opposition to the disease.

A human who is presumably infected with fowl flu might show symptoms similar to human influenza. A person with chook flu will experience fever, sore throat and muscle pains. Because of the similarity of symptoms between hen flu and human flu, a person with chicken flu could possibly be mistakenly recognized with human flu. However, advanced symptoms of bird flu embrace eye infections and respiratory issues, which could turn into life threatening.
In 1997, when an outbreak of chicken flu occurred in Hong Kong, 18 individuals had been infected and 6 have been killed. As a quick response, Hong Kong's entire poultry population, which was estimated at 1.5 million, was killed. Many believe that this fast response to the fowl flu outbreak was one of the best resolution and helped avert it from turning into a pandemic.

Generally, there's little risk of most individuals getting infected with chicken flu because it requires shut or direct interaction with infected birds or chicken feces. Since the number of people that has been infected with the illness continues to be low and confined to a couple children and adults, there is no severe cause of alarm yet. However, for many who have fixed contact with birds, mononuclear cell isolator the risk becomes very high throughout outbreaks in native poultry